Human Endotoxin (ET) ELISA Kit Instructions This kit is for in vitro research use only, not for clinical diagnosis!

Intended application
ELISA method is used to quantitatively determine the content of ET in human serum, plasma or other related biological fluids.

Experimental principle Microporous plates are coated with purified ET antibody to make a solid-phase carrier. Specimens or standards, biotinylated ET antibody, and HRP-labeled avidin are sequentially added to the microwells. (TMB) color development. TMB is converted into blue under the catalysis of peroxidase, and into the final yellow under the action of acid. The color depth is positively correlated with the ET in the sample. The absorbance (value) was measured with a microplate reader at a wavelength of 450nm, and the sample concentration was calculated.

Kit composition and reagent preparation
1. Microplate: one piece (96 wells)
2. Standard product (lyophilized product): 2 bottles, please prepare within 15 minutes before use. Each bottle is diluted to 1ml with sample diluent. After capping, it is allowed to stand at room temperature for about 10 minutes. At the same time, it is inverted / rubbed repeatedly to help dissolve. Its concentration is 1 EU / ml. Do multiple dilutions in the plate), and prepare 1 EU / ml, 0.5 EU / ml, 0.25 EU / ml, 0.125 EU / ml, 0.0625 EU / ml, 0.0312 EU / ml, 0.0156 EU / ml, and the sample diluent directly 0 EU / ml as a blank well. If preparing 0.5 EU / ml standard: take 0.5ml (not less than 0.5ml) 1 EU / ml of the above standard into Eppendorf tube containing 0.5ml sample diluent, mix well, the rest of the concentration can be deduced by analogy.
3. Sample diluent: 1 × 20ml.
4. Test dilution A: 1 × 10ml.
5. Test diluent B: 1 × 10ml.
6. Detection solution A: 1 × 120 per bottle (1: 100). Before use, dilute with Test Diluent A 1: 100 (for example: 10 Test Solution A / 990 Test Diluent A), mix well, and prepare according to the pre-calculated total amount required for each experiment (100 / Hole), more 0.1-0.2ml should be prepared during actual preparation.
7. Detection solution B: 1 × 120 per bottle (1: 100). Dilute 1: 100 with test dilution B immediately before use. The dilution method is the same as that of Test Solution A.
8. Substrate solution: 1 × 10ml / bottle.
9. Concentrated washing liquid: 1 × 30ml / bottle, each bottle is diluted 25 times with distilled water.
10. Stop solution: 1 × 10ml / bottle (2 mol / L H2SO4).
11. Lamination: 5 sheets
12. Instruction manual: 1 copy


Bring your own items
1. Microplate reader (It is recommended to preheat the instrument before use)
2. Micro dosing device and pipette tip, EP tube
3. Distilled or deionized water, filter paper
Collection and preservation of specimens
1. Serum: Whole blood samples should be left at room temperature for 2 hours or 4 overnight. After centrifugation at 1000 g for 20 minutes, take the supernatant for detection, or store the supernatant at -20 or -80, but avoid repeated freezing and thawing. .
2. Plasma: EDTA or heparin can be used as an anticoagulant. Centrifuge the sample at 1000 g for 15 minutes within 30 minutes after collection. The supernatant can be taken for detection, or the supernatant should be stored at -20 or -80, but avoid repeated Freeze and thaw.
3. Other biological specimens: centrifuge at 1000 g for 20 minutes, take the supernatant for testing, or store the supernatant at -20 or -80, but avoid repeated freezing and thawing.

Note: The above specimens should be sealed and stored, 4 should be stored for less than 1 week, -20 should not exceed 1 month, -80 should not exceed 2 months; specimen hemolysis will affect the final test results, so hemolysis specimens should not be tested .

Before starting the experiment, all reagents should be equilibrated to room temperature, and the reagents should not be dissolved in 37 directly. When preparing the reagents or samples, they must be thoroughly mixed. Try to avoid foaming when mixing. The sample content should be predicted before the experiment. If the sample concentration is too high, the sample should be diluted to make the diluted sample meet the detection range of the kit, and then multiplied by the corresponding dilution factor when calculating.
1. Add sample: set blank hole, standard hole and sample hole to be tested respectively. Add 100% of the sample diluent to the blank well, and 100% of the standard or the sample to be tested in the remaining well. Be careful not to have air bubbles. Add the sample to the bottom of the enzyme plate when adding the sample. Try not to touch the wall of the well. Gently shake to mix the enzyme. Cover or cover the target plate and incubate at 37 for 2 hours. To ensure the validity of the experimental results, please use a new standard solution for each experiment.
2. Discard the liquid and dry it without washing. Add 100 working solutions of detection solution A (prepared before use) to each well, add the microplate to the membrane, and incubate at 37 for 1 hour.
3. Discard the liquid in the hole, spin dry, wash the plate 3 times, soak for 1-2 minutes each time, about 400 per hole, spin dry (you can also pat dry the liquid in the hole).
4. Add 100% of the working solution of the test solution B (prepared before use) to each well, add a coating, and incubate at 37 for 1 hour.
5. Discard the liquid in the hole, spin dry, wash the plate 5 times, the method is the same as step 3.
6. Add substrate solution 90 per well, enzyme label plate and film 37 to avoid light and color development (reaction time is controlled at 15-30 minutes, when the first 3-4 wells of the standard well have a clear blue gradient, the last 3 -When the gradient of 4 wells is not obvious, it can be terminated).
7. Add 50% stop solution to each well to stop the reaction. At this time, the blue color turns to yellow. The order of adding the stop solution should be the same as that of the substrate solution.
8. Immediately measure the optical density (value) of each well with a microplate reader at a wavelength of 450nm.

Note:
1. Preparation of reagents: All reagents should be equilibrated to room temperature before use. Please save the reagents according to the instructions immediately after use. Please use disposable tips during the experiment to avoid cross contamination.
2. Sample addition: when adding samples or adding reagents, if the time interval between the first well and the last well is too large, it will result in different "pre-incubation" time, which will obviously affect the measured value Accuracy and repeatability. The time of one sample addition (including standard and all samples) is best controlled within 10 minutes. It is recommended to set up multiple holes for experiments.
3. Incubation: In order to prevent the sample from evaporating, place the enzyme-labeled plate with a cover or membrane in the wet box during the experiment to avoid liquid evaporation; the next step should be performed as soon as possible after washing the plate, and should be avoided at any time The microplate is in a dry state; at the same time, the given incubation time and temperature should be strictly observed.
4. Washing: The washing liquid remaining in the reaction well during the washing process should be patted dry on the filter paper. Do not put the filter paper directly into the reaction well to absorb water. At the same time, the remaining liquid and fingerprints on the bottom of the plate should be eliminated to avoid affecting the final enzyme label. Instrument reading.
5. Preparation of reagents: before using, please shake the hands a few times or centrifuge for a while to prevent the liquid on the tube wall or bottle cap from depositing to the bottom of the tube. Standard products, working solution A, and working solution B should be prepared according to the required amount, and prepared with the corresponding diluent, not to be confused. Please accurately prepare the standard and working solution, and try not to prepare in small amounts (such as when drawing the test solution A, it should not be less than 10 at a time) to avoid concentration errors due to inaccurate dilution; do not reuse the diluted standard and test Solution A working fluid, detection solution B working fluid.
6. Control of reaction time: Please observe the color change of the reaction well regularly after adding the substrate (for example, every 10 minutes). If the color is dark, please add the stop solution in advance to stop the reaction to avoid the reaction being too strong and affecting the microplate reader. Optical density reading.
7. Substrate: Please keep the substrate away from light, and avoid direct exposure to strong light during storage and incubation.

Washing method
1. Manual plate washing method: Inject at least 0.4ml of the recommended washing buffer into the wells, soak for 1-2 minutes, suck (do not touch the wall) or shake off the liquid in the enzyme plate, and put a few layers on the experimental table Absorbent paper, with the microtiter plate down and vigorously pat several times; repeat this process several times as needed.
2. Automatic plate washing: If there is an automatic plate washing machine, it should be used in the formal experiment process after being used proficiently.

Specificity This kit can detect recombinant or natural human ET at the same time, and does not cross-react with other related proteins.

Calculate the value of each standard and sample after deducting the blank hole value (seven-point diagram). If multiple holes are set, the average value should be used for calculation. Taking the concentration of the standard product as the ordinate (logarithmic coordinate) and the value as the abscissa (logarithmic coordinate), draw a standard curve on the logarithmic coordinate paper. It is recommended to use professional curve making software for analysis, such as curve expert 1.3, according to the sample value, find the corresponding concentration from the standard curve, and multiply it by the dilution factor; or use the concentration and value of the standard to calculate the regression equation of the standard curve, and then the sample The value of is substituted into the equation, the sample concentration is calculated, and then multiplied by the dilution factor, which is the actual concentration of the sample.

Detection range: 0.0156 EU / ml-1 EU / ml, please use the following concentration values ​​for drawing standard curve: 1 EU / ml, 0.5 EU / ml, 0.25 EU / ml, 0.125 EU / ml, 0.0625 EU / ml, 0.0312 EU / ml, 0.0156 EU / ml.

Minimum detection limit: 0.01 EU / ml

Explanation
1. Due to the existing conditions and the level of science and technology, it is not possible to conduct a comprehensive identification and analysis of all raw materials provided by all suppliers,
This product may have certain quality and technical risks.
2. The final experimental result is closely related to the effectiveness of the reagents, the relevant operations of the experimenter and the experimental environment at that time. Please be sure to prepare sufficient specimen backups.
3. Avoid exposing the reagent to strong light during storage and incubation. All reagent bottle caps must be tightly closed to prevent evaporation and microbial contamination, because the interference of proteolytic enzymes will lead to erroneous results.
4. Storage of the kit: Please store the standard, detection solution A and detection solution B at -20 as soon as possible after receiving the kit, and store the remaining reagents at 4 for short-term storage and -20 for long-term storage. After opening, the microplate should be sealed with desiccant and stored at -20 to avoid moisture.
5. Salt will be precipitated from the concentrated washing liquid, which can be heated and dissolved in the water bath when diluted.
6. There may be a little water-like substance in the well of the enzyme-linked plate just opened. This is a normal phenomenon and will not have any impact on the experimental results.
7. Validity: 6 months.

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